Difference between different types of batteries

General forklift batteries include lead-acid batteries, lithium-ion batteries, nickel-metal hydride batteries, as well as nickel-cadmium batteries, and perhaps others, today we will start by talking in detail about the four types of batteries in the end what is the difference.

1: lead-acid batteries
Lead-acid batteries are one of the earliest commercially produced batteries, lead-acid batteries through a chemical reaction will be converted into chemical energy, and when needed, chemical energy into electrical energy.
Lead-acid batteries have low energy density and power density, relatively long charging time and heavy weight. However, they are less expensive and more reliable, and are suitable for many application scenarios; however, lead-acid batteries have a relatively short range, and a single charge can usually only support a few hours of operating time, requiring frequent charging.
The advantages of lead-acid batteries, however, are their low cost, high reliability and long service life. However, they have low energy density, long charging time, and a certain impact on the environment.

2, lithium-ion batteries
Lithium-ion battery is a kind of battery that stores and releases energy through the migration of lithium ions between positive and negative electrodes.
Lithium-ion batteries have high energy density, long life and low self-discharge rate, they also have the ability to fast charge, and lithium-ion batteries have a relatively strong endurance, a charge can support a longer period of time, suitable for applications that require long periods of continuous use.
Although lithium-ion batteries have the advantages of high energy density, long life, fast charging and lightweight, but they are more costly, sensitive to temperature and require special management and maintenance.

3, nickel-metal hydride batteries
Then nickel-cadmium battery is a kind of storage battery using nickel hydroxide and cobalt hydride as positive and negative materials, with high energy density, long cycle life and high charging efficiency, and also has a low self-discharge rate; generally nickel-metal hydride batteries have a longer range, and a single charge can support a longer period of work.
However, nickel-metal hydride batteries are heavier, and the cost is relatively high compared with lead-acid batteries. In addition, nickel-metal hydride battery performance in high temperature environment may be affected.

4, nickel-cadmium batteries
Nickel-cadmium batteries use nickel and cadmium as positive and negative materials, through a chemical reaction to convert electrical energy into chemical energy.
Nickel-cadmium batteries have a high specific energy and specific power, charging efficiency is relatively high, they also have a long cycle life and low self-discharge rate.
Nickel-cadmium batteries have a relatively strong battery life, and a single charge can support a longer period of time. However, nickel-cadmium batteries are relatively expensive and contain the toxic heavy metal cadmium, which has a certain impact on the environment.


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