Lead acid batteries still have a long market life cycle

With the decrease in the cost of lithium-ion batteries, they have rapidly penetrated into fields such as electric two wheeled vehicles, energy storage, and 5G communication. In the high-end automotive market, European car companies have begun to use 12V lithium-ion starting batteries. At the same time, the industrialization of sodium ion batteries has been accelerating in the past two years, and it is expected to encroach on the lead-acid battery market in electric two wheeled vehicles, energy storage and other fields.

Despite facing the challenges of lithium and sodium batteries, lead-acid batteries have their own advantages, which determine that they still have a long market life cycle:

Firstly, lead-acid batteries have a significant price advantage compared to lithium batteries and other batteries:


Secondly, lead-acid batteries have stronger environmental adaptability than lithium batteries, especially in wide temperature range scenarios, such as environments ranging from 40 ℃ to 80 ℃. Lithium batteries still have certain shortcomings, while lead-acid batteries can still perform well;

Thirdly, in terms of safety, although the safety performance of lithium batteries has been greatly improved in recent years, their safety hazards have not been completely eliminated. In scenarios such as data centers, especially in large-scale indoor backup power supplies, operators still prioritize the use of lead-acid batteries on a large scale;

Fourthly, in terms of recycling technology, mode, and cost, as the price of lithium carbonate approaches 100000 yuan/ton, the economic efficiency of lithium battery recycling is poor, and there is a lack of mature technology.

In fact, in the past few years, lithium batteries were once considered to replace lead-acid batteries in the field of electric two wheeled vehicles, three wheeled vehicles, and other light vehicles due to their advantages of high energy density and long cycle life. However, with a significant increase in the price of lithium battery raw materials and frequent safety issues, lead-acid batteries not only did not be replaced by lithium batteries, but also showed signs of recovery.

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In 2022, China’s automobile sales reached 26.864 million units, a year-on-year increase of 2.1%. For the 14th consecutive year in the world, the automobile market continued to show a stable and positive development trend in 2023. The growth of the automobile market will further drive the growth of starting battery sales. Meanwhile, influenced by energy-saving and emission reduction policies, the occupancy rate of new car start stop systems is expected to further increase in the future.

In addition to traditional internal combustion engine vehicles, lead-acid batteries are still the main low-voltage power source for new energy vehicles in the current market. In the future, starting batteries for automobiles will still be one of the main markets for lead-acid batteries. Especially in the mid to high end automotive market, traditional fuel vehicle brands are still the main focus. With the upgrading of consumption, the market potential and space are still huge, which will continue to drive the growth of demand for lead-acid starting batteries.

Another major market for lead-acid batteries is expected to remain dominated by the power market. In 2022, the sales of electric two wheeled vehicles in China reached 60.7 million units, a year-on-year increase of 22%. As of the end of 2022, the number of electric two wheeled vehicles in China has reached 325 million, driving a significant increase in the shipment of power type lead-acid batteries. Lead acid batteries still have broad development prospects in the power type market.

In addition, in the fields of UPS power supply and communication, lead-acid batteries still have good application space


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